On New Orleans Mardi Gras, see George Lipsitz book, *Time Passages: Collective
Memory and America Popular Culture* (University of Minnestoa Press, 1990).
In a chapter called "Mardi Gras Indians: Carnival and Counter-Narrative
in Black New Orleans," Lipsitz describes the popular narraives that
are created through Mardi Gras, the icons and images used in masking and
other performantive and symbolic acts.
Department of Communication
U.C. San diego